The Otjozondjupa Regional Council was established in terms of the Section 2(1) of the Regional Councils Act, 1992 (Act 22 of 1992). The Otjozondjupa Regional Council is further guided by a Decentralisation Policy adopted by National Assembly of the Republic of Namibia in 1997.
This policy brought about establishment of government structures at regional, constituency and local levels of government.
The primary object is to bring government closer to the people but most importantly to implement or promote processes and mechanisms that enable citizen to take part in the affairs of the sub-national government.
By transferring political, administrative, legislative, financial and planning authority to regional levels, government aims to promote participatory democracy by empowering the local population to make their own decisions and determine their own destiny.
The Otjozondjupa Regional Council has been mandated by the Namibian government to govern, plan coordinate and supervise the socioeconomic development activities within the jurisdiction of Otjozondjupa region in a way that will improve the quality of life of its community. All activities are supposed to be in line with Vision 2030 and unswervingly fulfilling related aspects of the National Development Plan 3.
Otjozondjupa Region is one of the largest regions in the country with a land surface area of 105,185 km and represents 12.8 percent of the total land surface area of Namibia. It is divided into seven constituencies namely: Grootfontein, Otjiwarongo, Otavi, Okakarara, Omatako and Okahandja respectively. It has a population of 135,723 inhabitants and Otjiwarongo is the regional capital town.
In the east, Otjozondjupa borders the North-West District of Botswana. Domestically, it borders the following regions:
Otjozondjupa borders more regions than any other region of Namibia. Governor of Otjozondjupa is Otto Iipinge. The region comprises seven constituencies: Grootfontein, Okahandja, Okakarara, Omatako, Otavi, Otjiwarongo, Tsumkwe.
Otjiwarongo, Grootfontein, Otavi, and Okahandja are linked by rail and by the main trunk road running from south to north. Communication systems between these areas are also of a high standard.
The farming activities of Okahandja and Otjiwarongo are homogenous as these parts are well known for cattle farming. The Otavi and Grootfontein districts, and to a lesser extent also Otjiwarongo, are the granary of Namibia.
The region also has a great potential to establish industries connected with such farming activities and by-products of it. It further has the advantage of combining communal and commercial farming in the same region.
The infrastructure of the region is such that effective administration is possible. The state of development in the area, and the facilities available, form a solid basis for future development. This region has the potential to be economically independent. According to the 2012 Namibia Labour Force Survey, unemployment in the region is 25.3%.